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Impressum/Disclaimer

A key feature of the IISS web page is the open online project development procedure. Ideas and projects with a systems science approach or content may be posted on the web page for collaborative development.


In principle, all scientifically sound projects may be posted as open online IISS-projects as most scientific reasoning will contain a systems science basis (see also goals).  

Nevertheless, I expect that the posted projects will share one or more of the following characteristics:

The project investigates on the nature of a complex biological, social or economic system.  

The project favours interdisciplinary contributions and exchange.  


The project aims at the development of innovative theoretical models.


Open IISS-projects may have different goals, such as:  

Continued online development of a systems science theory of a specific phenomenon in nature or society
Online development may eventually lead to a scientific publication, provided that the majority of the contributors (see weighted voting procedure) decide to present a theory in a more completed form.  

Public presentation of an innovative and interdisciplinary scientific approach in order to initiate a scientists or scientists-industry working group
After initial presentation, contributors may choose at any time point through a weighted voting procedure to withdraw public posting of the project and proceed with non-public development of the project.


The online development process follows the following rules:

  • The initial decision to post a project is to Albert Rübben, the owner and principal editor of the web page. Request to post a project should be sent by email to projects@iiss-aachen.de. By sending a request for a project or a contribution to a posted project the contributor confirms that he has all necessary legal rights, including, without limitation, intellectual property rights, to the material and information he transmits or sends to Albert Rübben.

  • A posted project is initially owned by the primary contributor. Additional contributions to a posted IISS-project should be send to the principal editor by email at project@IISS-aachen.de . If the contribution demonstrates sufficient scientific quality, the principal editor forwards the contribution to the primary contributor, who decides whether to allow a second contribution to be added to the posted project. In this case, the second contributor becomes a co-owner of the posted project.

  • In a project owned by multiple contributors, further project development proceeds through open and transparent discussion of the contributors together with the principal editor and decisions are taken through a weighted voting procedure.

  • The voting weight of each owner is not fixed. It depends on the sequence rang of his contribution to the posted project and the number of his contributions as well as of the overall number of contributions.

    The voting weight of each contributor is calculated by the following algorithm.
    When the number of contributors increases by one to n,

    the voting weight of the last contributor in percent is:
    100/(n*n)
    the voting weight of the penultimate contributor is:           
    100/(n*n)+100/((n*(n-1))
    the voting weight of the last but two contributor is: 
    100/(n*n)+100/((n*(n-1))+100/((n*(n-2))
    the next contributor has a voting weight of
    100/(n*n)+100/((n*(n-1))+100/((n*(n-2)) +100/((n*(n-3))

    And so on. For multiple contributions of one contributor, all voting weights are added.

    Figure 1 demonstrates how the voting weight of each contributor changes with each additional contribution up to a total of 10 contributions of 10 contributors.

Fig. 1:


  • The contributors may choose at any time point through a weighted voting procedure to withdraw public posting of the project.

  • The principal editor, Albert Rübben, reserves the right to change, supplement, or delete some or all of the information of a posted project, even without notice to the contributors.

  • The principal editor, Albert Rübben, also reserves the right to temporarily or permanently discontinue the Internet website.


  • The principal editor will not forward a contribution to an IISS-project towards a third party without consent of the contributor.

  • Nevertheless, the principal editor, Albert Rübben, makes no representations or warranties of any kind about the safeguarding of the intellectual property contained within the contributions and the posted IISS-projects. Any contribution a contributor directs to the IISS website is therefore strictly at the contributors own risk.

  • The principal editor highly recommends to file a patent before sending a contribution to an IISS-project which may contain patentable intellectual property as posting of the contribution on the internet will immediately abolish patentability.